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IEEE Citation Style

Formatting Your Reference List

The reference list should appear at the end of your paper. Begin the list on a new page.

The title References should be either left justified or centered on the page.

The hanging indent for each reference makes the numerical sequence more obvious.

The entries should appear as one numerical sequence in the order that the material is cited in the text of your assignment.

Standard IEEE Abbreviations

Standard abbreviations may be used in your citations.

A list of appropriate abbreviations can be found below:

Ed./Eds. editor/editors
ed. edition
et al. and others
no. number
p./pp. page/pages
para. paragraph
pt. part
rev. revised
suppl. supplement
Vol. Volume (book)
vol. volume (journal)

Place Names

Well known cities may be cited without any additional information.

The names of US states and territories are abbreviated in the reference list; use the official two-letter U.S. Postal Service abbreviations.

Include country names for less well known towns and cities located outside of the USA.

The names of Canadian provinces may be abbreviated using standard postal abbreviations.

Some examples:

New York: IEEE Computer Society

London: Taylor & Francis

Clevedon, UK: Channel View Publications

Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Education Australia

Pretoria, South Africa: Unisa