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IEEE Citation Style

Information for web based sources

Below is a guide to what information you may need to record when citing an electronic document:

name of author(s) if given

year or date of publication (or date site was created or updated)

title of document

title of web site or database

pages, sections or paragraphs (if given)

date you accessed the site

database name (if appropriate)

internet link (URL, DOI or database permalink)


Electronic document 
[1] European Telecommunications Standards Institute, “Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Implementation guidelines for DVB terrestrial services; transmission aspects,” European Telecommunications Standards Institute, ETSI TR-101-190, 1997. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Aug. 17, 1998].

Electronic document: no author
[2] “A ‘layman’s’ explanation of Ultra Narrow Band technology,” Oct. 3, 2003. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Dec. 3, 2003].

Government publication: Australian Bureau of Statistics document
[3] Australian Bureau of Statistics, Engineering Construction Activity (cat. no. 8762.0). Canberra: ABS, 2010. [Online]. Available from AusStats, [Accessed: Sept. 7, 2010].

Government publication: Government department
[4] Australia. Department of of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Survey on Changes in Awareness and Understanding of Science, Engineering and Technology: Report on findings. Canberra: The Department; 2008. [Online]. Available:
.pdf. [Accessed: Sept. 7, 2010].

Personal Internet site
[5] G. Sussman, "Home page - Dr. Gerald Sussman," July 2002. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2004].

General Internet site
[6] J. Geralds, "Sega Ends Production of Dreamcast,", para. 2, Jan. 31, 2001. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2004].

Blog entry
[7] J. A. Specavek, "Fracking and the Stresses it Adds to Railroads," It's the Rheo Thing, May 18, 2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Jun. 9, 2015].