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APA Citation Style (6th edition)

Class notes, PowerPoints, etc.

Class notes (Sec. 6.20 APA Publication Manual)

  • Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as a personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Do not add to your Reference List
Reference Example

No Reference list entry required

In-text Example

In a lecture on November 23, 2018, to a BUS 130 class, instructor Smith said...

Personal communication (Sec. 6.20 APA Publication Manual)

  • Personal communications can be emails, phone interviews, etc. As most personal communication is not recoverable, you cite in text only. Do not add to your Reference list.
Reference Example

No Reference list entry required

In-text Example

In an interview, J.S. Smith (personal communication, July 25, 2015) mentioned...

Class handout: Has title (Sec. 7.09 #58 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of handout [Format]. Publisher, Location of publication.

Reference Example

Smith-Jones, A. (2011) Business Models [Class handout]. School of Business, Camosun College, Victoria, BC.

In-text Example

(Smith-Jones, 2011)

Lecture Notes posted on D2L (Sec. 7.09 #61 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author Surname, Initials. (Date). Lecture title [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Jaffey, M. (n.d.). Global marketing [PDF document]. Retrieved from http://online.camosun.ca/d2l/lms/content/preview.d2l?tId=658963&ou=12018

In-text Example

In lecture notes to MARK 110 class, M. Jaffey wrote...

OR

...(Jaffey, n.d.).

PowerPoint presentation posted to D2L (Sec. 6.11 and 6.27 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of File [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Smith, M.M. (2011). Exercise, nutrition and health for athletes [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://online.camosun.ca/d2l/lms/...

In-text Example

(Smith, 2011, slide 9)