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APA Citation Style (6th edition)

Websites, web pages, web documents

When you're citing a webpage or an online document look for the same elements, in the same order, that you need for other sources:

  • Is there a personal or corporate/organizational author? If not, enter the title of the webpage or web document in the author position.
  • Date of publication or last updated date on page? (if there is no date, use n.d.)
  • The title of the document - if you're citing a webpage then look to the upper blue tab for the title; if you're citing a pdf document then use the title on the document itself
  • Date you accessed the site, if you think the information could change or disappear
  • Include the complete URL to get you directly to the source/document

Blog post (Sec. 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication, Month day). Title of blog post. [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Sarna, N. (2011, October 12). Pro-life students arrested at Carleton [Web log

       post]. Retrieved from http://educationlawblog.ca/tag/political-protest/

In-text Example

No page number in your online source? Then use a paragraph number (e.g. para. 3) or a heading (e.g. Discussion section, para 1) to direct the reader to the location of the quoted material. )See Rule 6.05 in the APA Publication Manual)

(Sarna, 2011, para. 1)

Web document created by an individual or an organization (Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

  • If you need to break up a URL do it after a slash.
Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication, Month day). Title of document: Subtitle information. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Stelzner, M. (2011, April). 2011 Social media marketing industry report: How marketers are using social media to grow their businesses. Retrieved from http://www.socialmediaexaminer.com/SocialMediaMarketingReport2011.pdf

In-text Example

 Page numbers must be included for direct quotations. Page numbers are encouraged but not necessary for paraphrased material (see Rule 6.04 in the APA Publication Manual)

(Stelzner, 2011, p.5)

Webpage within a website (Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication, Month day). Title of webpage: Subtitle information. Retrieved from URL

Corporate Author. (year of publication, Month day). Title of webpage: Subtitle information. Retrieved from URL

Webpage Title. (year of publication, Month day). Title of webpage: Subtitle information. Retrieved Month day, year from URL

Include the date retrieved when you think the content could easily change.

Reference Example

Author given (personal):

Ligaya, A. (2007, November 21). Is 'excited delirium' at the root of many Taser deaths? Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/tasers/excited-delirium.html

Author given (corporate or organization)

 

American Psychological Association. (2013). 2012 annual report of the American Psychological Association. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs /info/reports/2012-report.pdf

Author not given:

Compare cell phone rate plans across Canada. (2014).  Retrieved December 10, 2014 from http://www.comparecellular.com/compare-rate-plans/

Osteoporosis drugs raise femur fracture risk. (2011, February 23). Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/story/2011/02/23/
osteoporosis-bisphosphonate-femur-fracture.html

In-text Example

(Ligaya, 2007, para. 6)

(American Psychological Assocation [APA], 2013)

("Compare Cell,"  2014)

("Osteoporosis Drugs," 2011, Fracture signs, para. 2)

Website--entire website (Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

  • To cite an entire website, put the URL in the text of your paper only.
Reference Example

Not included in your Reference list

In-text Example

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation website (http://www.cbc.ca/) provides the latest...

Twitter (see APA Style Blog https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/how-to-cite-social-media-in-apa-style.html)

  • Provide either an individual author's real last name and initials or the full name of a group
  • For the title, provide the name of the page or caption of the post up to the first 40 words
Format

Author, A. A. or Group Name [Twitter Handle]. (year, Month day). Title of Twitter post [Format]. Retrieved Month Day, Year from URL

Reference Example

Mercer, R. [rickmercer]. (2010, October 15). Ranting in an alley. Great day for it. Anger is my cardio! [Tweet]. Retrieved from http://twitter.com/rickmercer/status/27462002333

In-text Example

(Mercer, R. 2010)

Facebook Status Update (see APA Style Blog https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/10/how-to-cite-social-media-in-apa-style.html)

  • Provide either an individual author's real last name and initials or the full name of a group
  • For the title, provide the name of the page or caption of the post up to the first 40 words
Format

Author, A. A. or Group Name. (year, Month day). Title of page or content [Format]. Retrieved Month Day, Year from URL

Reference Example

Rick Mercer Report. (2008, September 27). Spread the net student challenge. [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/home.php?#!/note.php?note_id=28993606403

In-text Example

(Rick Mercer Report, 2010)