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APA Citation Style (6th edition)

Books

Book (one author) (Sec. 6.11 APA Publication Manual)

  • Place names outside of the U.S. include a country designation rather that a state abbreviation (Sec. 6.30 APA Publication Manual). 
  • For Canadian editions include in edition description (Sec 7.02 APA Publication Manual)
Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition). Location of publication: Publisher.

Reference Example

Seebohar, B. (2011). Nutrition periodization for athletes: Taking traditional sports nutrition to the next level (2nd ed.). Boulder, CO: Bull.

Guffey, M.E. (2013). Business communication: Process & product. (4th brief Canadian ed.). Toronto, Canada: Nelson.

In-text Example

(Seebohar, 2011, p. 5)


(Guffey, 2013, p. 15)

Book (two authors) (Sec. 6.12 APA Publication Manual)

  • Page numbers must be included for direct quotations. Page numbers are encouraged, but not necessary, for paraphrased material (see Rule 6.04 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A, & Author, B.B. (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information. Location of publication: Publisher.

Reference Example

McKenna, H.P., & Oliver, D.S. (2008). Nursing models, theories and practice. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

In-text Example

Direct quotation:

(McKenna & Oliver, 2008, p. 35)

Paraphrase:

(McKenna & Oliver, 2008)

Book (three, four or five authors) (Sec. 6.12 APA Publication Manual)

  • For six or more authors see Table 6.1 of the APA Publication Manual or the Author's table pdf on the first page of this guide
Format

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author C.C. (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information. Location of publication: Publisher.

 

Reference Example

Yates, R.A., Bereznicki-Korol, T., & Clarke, T. (2011). Business law in Canada. Toronto, Canada: Pearson.

In-text Example

First Parenthetical Citation:

(Yates, Bereznicki-Korol, & Clarke, 2011, p. 372)

Subsequent Citations:

(Yates et al., 2011, p. 411)

Book (Group/Corporate/organization author) (Sec. 6.12 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information, Location of publication. Publisher.

Reference Example

Harvard Business School. (2010). Doing business ethically. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Press.

In-text Example

(Harvard Business School, 2010, p. 95).

Signal Phrase Example:

According to the Harvard Business School (2010)...

Book (editor) (Sec. 6.11 and Sec. 6.27 APA Publication Manual)

  • If you have referred to both the author and date in the text of your paper, you do not need to repeat them in your parenthetical citation; use the page number only
Format

Editor, A.A., & Editor, B.B. (Eds.). (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition).  Location of publication: Publisher.

Reference Example

Kuah-Pearce, K.-E. (Ed.). (2008). Chinese women and the cyberspace. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Amsterdam University Press.

Guffey, M.E. (2013). Business communication: Process & product. (4th brief Canadian ed.). Toronto, Canada: Nelson.

In-text Example

(Kuah-Pearce, 2008, p. 50)

If you have referred to both author and the date in the text of the paper use the page number only:

(p. 50)

Book--Chapter (Sec. 7.02 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. & Author, B.B. (year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book: Subtitle information (Edition, pp. xx-xx). Location of publication: Publisher.

Reference Example

Burger, J. & Goddard, N. C. (2010). Communication. In P. A. Potter, A. G. Perry, J. C. Ross-Kerr, & M. J. Wood (Eds.), Canadian fundamentals of nursing (Rev. 4th ed., pp. 243-311). Toronto, Canada: Mosby Elsevier.

In-text Example

(Burger & Goddard, 2010, p. 252)

E-Book  (Sec. 7.02 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition). Retrieved from URL

Author, A.A. (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle information (edition). doi:xxx

Reference Example

Valfre, M.M. (2009). Foundations of mental health care. Retrieved from http://www.elibrary.com/index.html

In-text Example

(Valfre, 2009, p. 5)