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APA Citation Style (6th edition)

Articles

Basic Journal Article

  • IMPORTANT! This first example uses a library database permalink URL instead of a DOI. Please check with your instructor to see which they prefer!  An article citation with a permalink URL looks like this:

Format

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (date). Title of journal article: Subtitle information.Title of Journal, volume(issue), page-page. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Diessner, R., Pohling, R., Stacy, S., & Guswell, A. (2018). Trait appreciation of beauty: A story of love, transcendence, and inquiry. Review of General Psychology, 22(4), 377-397. Retrieved from https://libsecure.camosun.bc.ca:2443/login...

In-text Example

First Parenthetical Citation:
(Diessner, Pohling, Stacy, & Guswell, 2018, p. 381)


Subsequent Citations:
(Diessner, et al., 2018, p. 381)

Journal Article with DOI, 2 authors (Sec. 7.01 APA Publication Manual)

  • If the publication is paginated continuously through each volume, then provide the volume only, not the issue number.
  • Include both the volume and issue numbers if each issue of the volume begins on page 1. Italicize the volume number and put the issue number, not italicized, in parentheses.

Format

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (date). Title of journal article: Subtitle information.Title of Journal, volume(issue), page-page. doi

Reference Example

Mitchell, K., & Johnson, M. (2009). Source monitoring 15 years later: What have we learned from MRI about the neural mechanisms of source memory? Psychological Bulletin, 135, 638-677. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015849

In-text Example

 

(Mitchell & Johnson, 2009, pp. 645-646)

 

Journal Article without DOI, 3-5 authors (Sec. 7.01 APA Publication Manual)

  • When there is a DOI, then include it. Otherwise, use the journal or publisher homepage.

Format

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C., Author, D.D. & Author, E.E. (date). Title of journal article: Subtitle information.Title of Journal, volume(issue), page-page. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Mesina, L., Hoble, L., Cocaina, A., Szasz, T., & Avram, C. (2010). Nutritional assessment and its role in evaluation and prescription of exercise training. Timisoara Physical Education & Rehabilitation Journal, 2(4), 55-60. Retrieved from http://www.tperj.ro/en/

In-text Example

First Parenthetical Citation:
(Mesina, Hoble, Cocaina, Szasz, & Avram, 2010, pp. 58-59)


Subsequent Citations:
(Mesina et al., 2010, pp. 58-59)

Journal Article with DOI, 6 or more authors (Sec. 7.01 APA Publication Manual)

  • For 6 or 7 authors, list them all. For 8 or more authors, list the first 6 authors and the last author, then use an ellipsis before the name of the last author to replace the 7th author (and 8th, and so on, if applicable.).

Format

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C., Author, D.D. & Author, E.E., ... Author, J.J. (date). Title of journal article: Subtitle information.Title of Journal, volume(issue), page-page. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Ward, R., Kellendonk, C., Simpson, E., Lipatova, O., Drew, M., Fairhurst, S., ... Balsam, P.D. (2009). Impaired timing precision produced by striatal D2 receptor overexpression is mediated by cognitive and motivational deficits. Behavioral Neuroscience, 123, 720-730. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016503

In-text Example


(Ward et al., 2009, p. 723)

Article from an archival database such as JSTOR or ERIC (Sec. 6.32 APA Publication Manual)

  • Generally, it is not necessary to include the information about which database your article is from. An exception is made for archival databases such as JSTOR or ERIC. In these cases give the URL for the home page for the online archive. The retrieval date is not necessary either, unless you think the content may change over time .

Format

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (date). Title of journal article: Subtitle information.Title of Journal, volume(issue), page-page. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Kohn, M.L., & Clausen, J.A. (1955). Social isolation and schizophrenia. American Sociological Review, 20, 265-273. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/

In-text Example

 

(Kohn & Clausen, 1955, p. 268)

Magazine Article --print or electronic (Sec. 7.01 APA Publication Manual)

  • Print magazine articles do not require a URL.

Format

Author, A.A. (year, Month day). Title of magazine article: Subtitle information.Title of Magazine, volume(issue), page-page. Retrieved from URL

Reference Examples

Bower, B. (2004, November 6). Summer births linked to schizophrenia. Science News, 166(19), 31.

 

Bower, B. (2004, November 6). Summer births linked to schizophrenia. Science News, 166(19), 31. Retrieved from http://www.sciencenews.org/

In-text Example

(Bower, 2004, p. 31)

Newspaper Article --print or electronic (Sec. 7.01 APA Publication Manual)

  • For articles without an author use article title as the first element and an abbreviated form in quotations for the in-text citation.

Format

Author, A.A. (year, Month day). Title of newspaper article: Subtitle information.Title of Newspaper, page number.

Author, A.A. (year, Month day). Title of newspaper article: Subtitle information.Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from URL

Reference Examples

Bruckner, L. (2011, April 7). Boost your brain with nutritious diet, exercise: Want to keep your wits about you? Be smart now. Times Colonist, p. D8.

 

Bruckner, L. (2011, April 7). Boost your brain with nutritious diet, exercise: Want to keep your wits about you? Be smart now. Times Colonist. Retrieved from http://www.timescolonist.com/index.html

 

Health-care politics goes viral. (2014, October 29). Globe and Mail, p. A10.

In-text Example

(Bruckner, 2011, p. D8)

(Bruckner, 2011)

("Health-care,” 2014, p. A10)

Blog post (Sec. 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Format

Author, A. A. (year, Month day). Title of post [description of form]. Retrieved from URL

Reference Example

Sarna, N. (2011, October 12). Pro-life students arrested at Carleton [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://educationlawblog.ca/tag/political-protest/

In-text Example

(Sarna, 2011)