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APA Citation Style (6th edition)

Commonly used health resources

Source References In-text/Parenthetical citation

Anatomy.TV

(Sec. 7.08 APA Publication Manual)

Primal Pictures. (2017). 3D Atlas: Spine: Lumbar Spine: Lumbar region (layer 7, frame 16) [Image]. Retrieved from https://www.anatomy.tv/html5ui/#/product/har_spine

(Primal Pictures, 2017)

Association or government web document created by an individual

(Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Include publication number for government or association reports where available

Madore, O. (2005, May 16). The Canada Health Act: Overview and options (CIR 94-4E). Retrieved from http://www.lop.parl.gc.ca/content/lop/researchpublications/944-e.htm

Other similarly cited online web documents include the PDFs for:

  • Early Childhood Educators of British Columbia Code of Ethics
  • Constitution of the World Health Organization, 1946
  • Guide to Mental Health Act, 2005
  • BCCNP Professional Standards for Registered Nurses and Nurse Practitioners downloadable PDF
  • British Columbia Nurses Union position statements
  • Island Health policy documents

(Madore, 2005)

First in-text citation:

(Canadian Nurses Association [CNA], 2008, p. 31)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(CNA, 2008, p.40)

Association or government webpage within a website

(Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Use n.d. when no date is given

British Columbia Ministry of Health. (n.d.). For public health professionals. Retrieved from http://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/health/about-bc-s-health-care-system/office-of-the-provincial-health-

Other similarly cited webpages include:

  • College of Registered Nurses of British Columbia webpages
  • BCCNP Professional Standards for Registered Nurses and Nurse Practitioners webpages

(British Columbia Ministry of Health, n.d., Section 1, para. 3)

In-text citations for webpages without pagination include the paragraph number and/or section for direct quotes.

(Sec. 6.05 Publication Manual)

Canadian Nurses Association, Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses 

Web document created by an individual or organization (Sec. 6.31-6.32 & 7.11 APA Publication Manual)

Canadian Nurses Association. (2008, June). Code of ethics for registered nurses. Retrieved from https://www.cna-aiic.ca/en/on-the-issues/best-nursing/nursing-ethics

Or as a Book chapter (Sec. 7.02 APA Publication Manual)

Canadian Nurses Association. (2008). Appendix A: 2008 CNA code of ethics for registered nurses. In K. Oberle & S.H. Bouchal, Ethics in Canadian nursing practice: Navigating the journey (pp.309-369). Toronto, Canada: Pearson.

(Canadian Nurses Association [CNA], 2008, p. 31)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(CNA, 2008, p.40)

CINAHL Evidence-based care sheets

Schub, T., & Obiamaka, O. (2016, October 28). Hydration: Maintaining oral hydration in older adults. In CINAHL nursing guide. Retrieved from http://www.cinahl.com

(Schub & Okiamaka, 2016)

Dictionary definition (electronic without author) 

Sec. 7.02 #29 APA Publication Manual)

Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/heuristic

(“Heuristic”, n.d., para. 1)

DSM-5 (entire book)

(APA Blog: How to cite the DSM-5 in APA style)

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

First in-text citation:

(American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(APA, 2013)

DSM-5 (section or chapter)

(APA Blog: How to cite the DSM-5 in APA style)

In the online version of the DSM, individual chapters have been assigned DOIs. Place DOI after publisher position

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Somatic symptom and related disorders. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm09

First in-text citation:

(American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013)

Subsequent in-text citations:

(APA, 2013)