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Legal research: Legal Citation and APA

Legal Citation and APA

The APA Publication Manual says: "References to legal materials...which include court decisions, statutes and other legislative materials, and various secondary sources, will be more useful to the reader if they provide the information in the conventional format of legal citations" (2009, p. 216).

The major resource for Canadian legal citation is: The Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation. The Camosun Library has the 8th edition, 2014. Call Number: KE 259 C36 2014.  Note: the 9th edition (2018) is currently on order.

For your Works Cited list, use the format given below for legal citation and interfile the citations in your Works Cited in alphabetical order.

For your in text (parenthetical) citations, use the same form as you would in APA for a work with no author (i.e., Name of case, date, page or paragraph number when appropriate).

Court Cases

Case Reported by the Court with a Neutral Citation

This is called a Neutral Citation.  It is the official case citation issued by the Court and should be used for citation purposes when available. 

See list of abbreviations and the courts they represent in the right column.

Format of Reference (Works Cited): Style of cause, year, tribunal, ordinal no.

Example: Canada Post v. Lepine, 2009, SCC 16.

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: (Style of cause, year, page or paragraph number if needed.)

Example: (Canada Post v. Lepine, 2009, ¶ 5.) [This example refers the reader to the 5th paragraph of the decision.]

 


Case Reported by a Legal Reporter Service

 

This citation is a case that was reported in the Supreme Court of Canada Reporter, a printed set of cases.  See the list of Reporters on the right.

Format of Reference (Works Cited): Style of cause, date volume Reporter Abbreviation page (Court level if needed.)

Example: Juman v. Doucette, [2008] 1 S.C.R. 157. 
*** Since the S.C.R. only reports Supreme Court cases the court level is not needed.  If the Reporter were W.W.R. or D.L.R. you would add (S.C.C.) to clarify the court level.***

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: (Style of cause, year, page or paragraph number if needed.)

Example: (Juman v. Doucette, 2008, p. 157.)

Legislation - Online

Citing Legislation from a Service

I found the Adoption Act of British Columbia in QP Legaleze (abbreviated QPLE)

 

Format of the Reference (Work cited): Title of Act, Statute Volume Jurisdiction year, chapter (Service).

Example: Adoption Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c.5 (QPLE).

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: (Title of Act, year.)

Example: (Adoption Act, R.S.B.C. 1996.)


Citing Legislation from a Government Website

The same Act from a government website.

Format of the Reference(Works Cited): Title of Act, Statue Volume with Jurisdiction year, chapter, online:Title of the Website < url >.

Example: Adoption Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c.5, online: BC Laws: Current Consolidated Law < http://www.bclaws.ca/Recon/content/site?id=freeside&xsl=/Recon/template/toc.xsl/group-A/ >. 

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: (Title of Act, year.)

Example: (Adoption Act, R.S.B.C. 1996.)

Bills - Online

Bills - Federal or Provincial

Format Reference (Work Cited): Number, title, session, legislature, Jurisdiction, year, pinpoint =chapter (section)(subsection) (additional information is optional), online: Name of website < url>.

Example: Bill 7, Police (Police Complaint Commissioner) amendment act, 2009, 38th Leg., British Columbia,2009,c1(47-49),online:Legislative Assembly of British Columbia:Bills < http://www.leg.bc.ca/legislation/bills.htm>.

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: Title, Bill number, legislature (year).

Example: Police (Police Complaint Commissioner) amendment act, 2009,Bill 7, 38th Leg.(2009).

 

Debates - Online

Federal Debates (House of Commons/Senate)

Format Reference (Work Cited): Title, number (date) pinpoint (Speaker), online: Name of Webpage .

Example:House of Commons Debate, 077 (17 June 2009) 14:05 (Candice Hoeppner), online: House of Commons Debates: Hansard < www.parl.gc.ca/common/chamber_House_Debates.asp >.
*** The pinpoint=14:05 comes from the Table of Contents.  It is the last time given before Candice Hoeppner spoke.)***

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: (Title, date)

Example: (House of Commons Debate, 17 June 2009)

 

Provincial Debates

 


 

Format Reference (Work Cited): Jurisdiction, Legislature, Title, number (date) pinpoint (Speaker), online: Name of Webpage < url > .

Example: British Columbia, Legislative Assembly, Official Report of the Debates of the Legislative Assembly, 40 (24 March 2009) at 14616 (M. Farnworth), online:Debates of the Legislative Assembly (Hansard) < http://www.leg.bc.ca/hansard/8-8.htm >

APA Format of in text (paranthetical) citation: (Title, date)

Example:(Official Report of the Debates of the Legislative Assembly, 24 March 2009)

Courts (Canada)

SCC   Supreme Court of Canada
BCAA   British Columbia Court of Appeal
FCA   Federal Court of Appeal
SCBC   Supreme Court of British Columbia
BCPC   British Columibia Provincial Court

Case Reporters (Canada) and Legal Research Services/Websites

Abbreviation Reporter/Service
SCR Canada Supreme Court Reports
CCR Canadian Criminal Cases
DLR Dominion Law Reports
WWR Western Weekly Reports
FC Canada Federal Court Reports
CanLII Canadian Legal Information Institute
Butterworths Butterworths Services
Lawnet Lawnet
LexUM LexUM
QL Lexis Advance Quicklaw
WL Next Can Westlaw Next Canada
WL (US) Westlaw